Climate Risks to Agriculture/Food Security in the GMS Countries and Early Warning Systems in the Context of the Food-Water-Energy Nexus
The Greater Mekong Subregion has undergone a rapid economic growth over the past decade with positive impacts on the human development and negative impacts on the environment and natural resources. The growing demand for energy in the region and high fuel prices during 2008 has seen several countries declaring ambitious biofuel strategies from which they retreated covertly later on. This has set a debate on nexus between food, water, and energy in the region. Though the biofuels fever has died down sooner than expected, there are chances for reemergence of debate over food-water-energy due to several traditional and non-traditional pressures discussed in this paper that include increasing energy demand, population growth, urbanization, changing life styles, and climate change. Early warning systems can play a crucial role in averting situations like 2008 fuel and food prices. However, there are several bottlenecks to be overcome that include lack of infrastructure and capacity for implementing such EWS. In addition to EWS, this paper discusses some traditional off-the-shelf interventions such as general improvement in resource use efficiency in agriculture, water and energy sector, increasing energy supply through renewable sources, and creating an East-Asian Energy Community or a grid that could ease the food-water-fuel nexus in the region to a greater extent.
For more details on the event, please refer to http://gis.gms-eoc.org/GMS2020_WS-MATERIALS/