Conference Paper
Topics: Language:
English

Establishment of an enabling policy framework for addressing the impacts of hydropower development in the Mekong River Basin

In THE 1st SYMPOSIUM ON TONLE SAP WATER ENVIRONMENT 26th-27th August 2016 (Phnom Penh) 2016-09

The author explained about the roles of hydropower in ensuring the energy security in the Mekong region. Based on a critical review of the current trend of hydropower development, it argued that existing approach of uncoordinated Mekong mainstream hydropower development cannot ensure sustainable development; rather it causes negative impacts on food security, livelihoods, biodiversity, and ecosystem across the river basin, especially countries in Lower Mekong Basin (LMB) including Cambodia, Thailand and Vietnam. A number of scientific evidences have been explained by the author, which clearly indicated a huge potentially transboundary environmental impacts due to mainstream hydropower dams construction. Early recognition of the “nexus” interactions amongst hydropower development and cross-border food security, water security and livelihoods can help to minimise the risks of diplomatic conflicts and social unrest. This is only enabled when member states are willing to divert high-level government priorities from national interests to transboundary interests, as implementing the nexus approach throughout the river basin could contribute to reducing trade-offs between hydropower development and basin-wide socio-economy, and increase synergies through implementation of benefit-sharing mechanisms towards a win-win outcome. Consequently, the study proposed a Step-by-Step approach toward an enabling policy framework for addressing the impacts of hydropower development in the Mekong River Basin through a "Nexus" approach.

Page Information:
17 pages